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May / June 2003

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Founder : Len Abrams
Water Policy International

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Donor involvement in the water sector



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The African Development Bank (ADB)
Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA)
Denmark International Development Agency (DANIDA)
Development Bank of Southern Africa (DBSA)
European Union (EU)
Finland (FANNIDA)
Deutsche Gessellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ)
Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR)
Global Environment Facility (GEF)
Global Water Partnership (GWP)
Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (NORAD)
Netherlands International Development Agency (IDGIS)
Swedish International Development Agency (Sida)
United Kingdom, Department for International Development (DFID)
United Nations Development Program (UNDP)
USAID’s Regional Center for Southern Africa
World Bank (the Bank)
World Meteorological Organization (WMO)

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Project information

On a national level, The African Development Bank (ADB) is funding an urban restructuring water supply project in Kitwe, Zambia in collaboration with NORAD.

On a national level, Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) has funded a groundwater survey for Swaziland, water supply project for Mozambique, and a research and technical branch project for Zimbabwe. On a regional level, with IUCN, CIDA is also funding a regional project Zambezi Basin Wetlands Conservation and Resource Utilisation Program (ZBWCRUP) with the aim of strengthening IUCN's members' and partners' capacity to provide input to initiatives within the Zambezi drainage basin and the region. Launched in 1995, the ZBWCRUP covers five riparian states of the Zambezi River and its tributaries (Botswana, Namibia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia). Project activities will be carried out at the local, national, and regional level. Four wetland ecosystems have been identified as field sites and will be used as demonstration projects: the Barotse Flood Plain in Zambia, the Caprivi/Chobe/Linyati Wetlands in Botswana/Namibia, the Lower Shire in Malawi, and the Zambezi Delta in Mozambique. CIDA has also funded a hydrological study of the Zambezi and is involved in a Regional Hydroelectric Hydrological Assistance Program. CIDA has provided funding to the India Musokotwane Environment Resource Centre (IMERSCA) to implement a project called The Disaster Management Information Project the objectives of which are to provide accessible and accurate information on disasters and vulnerabilities (drought, floods, epidemics, storms, etc.) in the southern African region.

On a national level, Denmark International Development Agency (DANIDA) has been active in supporting national-level water sector activities including rural water supply projects in Tanzania and Zimbabwe, urban water supply and sanitation in Mozambique, and water supply in semi-urban areas in Malawi. DANIDA has also been involved with water supply, education and integrated waste management in South Africa. DANIDA has funded hand pump rehabilitation and maintenance in Zimbabwe. The World Bank and DANIDA have funded a Rapid Water Resources Assessment. DANCED (the Danish Cooperation for Environment and Development) is planning to support a water resources management study in Botswana. On a regional level, DANIDA has funded the Sector Studies Project under ZACPLAN which will be completed by the end of 1998. In addition, DANIDA has established an Integrated Water Resources Management Consultancy Fund for the SADC region. The fund can be sourced for short-term consultancies in Integrated Water Resources Management Activities in the region. The Institute of Water and Sanitation Development based in Harare manages the fund.

On a national level, Development Bank of Southern Africa (DBSA) is involved in integrated programs with a water component in South Africa, Lesotho, Malawi, Botswana, Swaziland, and Namibia.

On a national level, European Union (EU) is funding a project in support of the Water and Sewerage Authority in Lesotho to rehabilitate water supply and sanitation installations in six district towns. On a regional level, the EU supported a SADC conference on management of shared river basins in May 1997, in Maseru, Lesotho. The focus of the Maseru conference was on the political, institutional and legal approaches and experiences required to bring about a process leading to the sustainable, equitable and mutually beneficial management and use of international waters. The objective of the conference was to investigate approaches for the sound and sustainable management of international waters to the mutual benefit of all riparian states through the exchange of ideas and experiences among EU and SADC countries. Further, a statement from the participants of the conference was produced with recommendations for sustainable management of international water resources.

The EU is also funding a project entitled "Advanced Hydrological and Environmental Monitoring Network (SADC-HYCOS). The Department of Water Affairs and Forestry in South Africa will implement this project. The objective of the HYCOS-SADC project is to improve and provide an efficient system for hydro meteorological data collection, processing and dissemination. This system is intended to provide a mechanism for timely data exchange between the collecting agency and the users throughout the SADC region and to provide an early warning of impending problems due to floods, drought, water shortages, etc. The pilot Regional Center for this activity is hosted by the Department of Water Affairs and Forestry in Pretoria. Technical advice and monitoring is provided by WMO and the Institute of Hydrology (UK). The EU is also funding a three and a half year project which began in 1997 called the Population, Development, and Environment Project. This is a research project to evaluate alternative paths for sustainable development in Botswana, Mozambique, and Namibia. One aspect of this project is to predict water quality trends in surface water to the year 2020.

France has a long-term policy of supporting water related activities in Africa. There are three channels for French financial assistance. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs provides technical assistance and funds projects under the grant assistance of the French Aid and Co-operation Fund ("FAC" projects). The Ministry of Economy and Finance provides subsidies or loans with preferential interest rates. The Agence Francaise de Developpement (AFD), the French Agency for Development is a parastatal institution operating as a bank with preferential loan conditions. AFD may provide grant assistance to the poorest countries. The French Missions for Cooperation (MCAC) is involved in the following water related activities. On a regional level, MCAC has assigned a groundwater expert for 2 years and financial support (US$620,000) to the Groundwater Management Programme for the SADC region. On a national level, the French government and the government of Mauritius are co-financing a groundwater resources investigation and management project for the whole island (US$11 million). In Namibia, there is support for a rural water supply project to pipe water from the Kunene River to villages in northern Namibia (1991 to present, US$7 million). In South Africa, MCAC is providing expert missions, seminars on water supply issues, integrated basin management, and legal support to the Water Act (1996-98). In the Seychelles, MCAC has supported an atlas of environmentally sensitive areas and set up impact study procedures. In Botswana, there has been support of several groundwater projects, a training program and documentation center as part of the North South Carrier Project and co-financing for the water treatment plant. In Angola, AFD has been involved with rehabilitation of the Luanda Water Supply and has provided technical assistance to the Luanda Provincial Water Company. In addition, the French Fund for World Environment supports evaluation studies related to international issues of river basin management. The International Water Office, a parastatal, also is involved with promoting the French system of river basin management and organizes international training courses in many water related issues.

On a national level, in South Africa, Finland (FANNIDA) is helping to develop water quality management plans in several catchment areas and has supported eradication of alien invasives to increase water yields. They are also supporting a water management plan for the Limpopo River Catchment East of Messina and have supported the Water Law Review process.

On a national level, Deutsche Gessellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ)) has supplied advisory services to the Department of Water Affairs in Zambia, and has funded rural water supply activities in Zimbabwe. In Namibia, GTZ is supporting the Communal Areas Water Supply Project that is providing support to development of a community-based management strategy for rural water supply and capacity building in the water sector. This project is in its seventh year. In partnership with the World Bank and UNDP, GTZ is giving support to the Namibian Water Resources Management Review that is a project undertaking a comprehensive review of the water resources sector in Namibia. Further, GTZ is funding the Sewerage Water Awareness Management Project in Namibia which is assisting the major settlements in the northern region with organizing and implementing water supply in three major settlement. This activity is in its sixth year. Germany and France are also funding (US$7 million) a feasibility study of the economic potential of the Zambezi Valley between the Cahora Bassa dam and the city of Tete in western Mozambique.

On a regional level, the Government of Germany is assisting SADC to prepare a joint presentation for the EXPO 2000 with technical and financial assistance under the theme Water. The EXPO 2000 is scheduled for June to October 2000. GTZ is also funding Infonet, which is an information system for laws and regulations regarding water management in southern Africa. This system will allow for cross-country comparisons.

The Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR) [Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe]. Currently BGR is working with Namibia and with SADC directly in the water sector. In Namibia BGR has just finalised the co-operation with DWA and GSN on the "Compilation of a 1 : 1 million Hydrogeological Map of Namibia". A new project is starting with DWA and GSN on "Groundwater Exploration in the North-East and Airborne Geophysical Investigations on Selected Mineral Targets". A co-operation project with SADC on "Support of SADC for the Development of a Hydrogeological Map" is on-going.

Additionally BGR is co-operating with the Geological Surveys of Botswana, Malawi and Namibia on the sectors environmental geology and geophysics.

Global Environment Facility (GEF) is funding the Lake Malawi/Nyasa Biodiversity Conservation Project, the goals of which are to strengthen the existing water quality monitoring efforts, survey the species of fish, and prepare a biodiversity map of the lake. GEF is also funding work on Lake Victoria (Tanzania and two non-SADC countries) and is providing a Block A grant for $350,000 to OKACOM to develop a strategic action plan for the Okavango Basin.

Global Water Partnership (GWP) seeks to translate an emerging global consensus on water resources management into responsive action on the ground. The GWP has identified Southern Africa as the region with the highest priority for initial GWP action. A regional meeting took place in Namibia in November 1996 and a follow-up meeting was held in Lesotho in January 1997, co-chaired by SADC Water Sector Unit and GWP. At this meeting, several suggestions from the Windhoek meeting were discussed including developing a SADC model on Integrated Water Resources Management (including a water economics program), establishing a Southern African Technical Advisory Committee (SATAC), and support for the Protocol (including a review of the various member countries and their water laws in order to harmonize potential discrepancies with the protocol). GWP held a conference in March 1997 in Morocco where proposals from the region such as those described above were presented. It is envisioned that the GWP will play a strong role in coordinating donor activity in the region. Recently, the SATAC has been created with the Secretariat based at the IUCN office in Harare.

On a national level, Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (NORAD) has supported water supply projects in Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. NORAD has also funded the Corumana Hydroelectric Plant in Mozambique and a pre-feasibility study for the Epupa Hydropower Scheme on the Cunene River. On a regional level, NORAD has long supported water resource work in the Zambezi Basin. NORAD is also funding a regional Wetlands Conservation Program.

On a national level, Netherlands International Development Agency (IDGIS) has funded rural water supply activities in Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Lesotho, Tanzania, and Zambia. IDGIS has also provided hydrology sector assistance in Mozambique. With IUCN, the Netherlands has funded the preparation of the Upper Zambezi Wetlands and Natural Resource Management Program in Zambia. On a regional level, Dutch Aid is funding WaterNet - a regional network for education and training on Integrated Water Resources Management in the SADC region. This network will consist of a number of participating institutions, including the relevant universities and training institutes in the region, the relevant stakeholders and the International Institute for Infrastructural, Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering (IHE), Delft. One important hub in the network will be Harare, where the University of Zimbabwe, the Institute for Water and Sanitation Development IWSD and IHE have established the first regional Master of Science program and training program in Integrated Water Resources Management.

On a national level, Swedish International Development Agency (Sida) is currently funded many activities including: 1) in Namibia, Sida has been funding the Desert Research Foundation's work on education about water conservation and sustainable management; 2) in Zimbabwe, the Pungue-Mutare water supply scheme with specific focus on environmental impacts; 3) work on the Kafue Gorge Hydro Plant in Zambia: 4) work on the Kidatu, the Mtera, and the Pangani Hydro Power Plants in Tanzania; 5) rural water supply projects in Botswana and Tanzania; 6) in Zimbabwe, Sida is supporting a national hydrological and sediment monitoring and modelling programme as well as the development of a water quality monitoring system; 7) in Zimbabwe, a groundwater study in Bulawayo is underway with the intent of locating an alternative water source to the proposed and costly pipeline connecting Bulawayo with the Zambezi River; and 8) also, in Zimbabwe, Sida has funded the Pungue-Mutare water supply scheme with specific focus on environmental impacts.

On a regional level, In 1996, Sida launched the Swedish Southern Africa Regional Water Resources Programme (SARWMP) under the Swedish Initiative for Support to Sustainable Management of Water Resources. The Government of Sweden has committed 45 MSEK to the initiative for the period 1996-1998. The development objective of SARWMP is "to assist in the improvement of integrated water resource management in southern Africa." Two objectives of SARWMP are: 1) to raise awareness and understanding of sustainable use of water resources; and 2) to assist in creating integrated management of shared water resources. SARWMP is managed by a regional coordinator based at the Swedish Embassy in Harare.

In the future, SIDA plans on working through the University of Natal, with South Africa and Mozambique to develop research cooperation on the shared Nkomati River System. This program to be called the "Shared Rivers Research Program" will support the joint collection of riverine ecosystem data and disseminate results to policymakers. Sida also plans on working with the Land and Agriculture Policy Centre in South Africa and with IUCN to set up a regional research program on how to equitably share international rivers. A set of thematic papers will be developed with particular focus on economic issues. With the Desert Research Foundation in Namibia, Sida plans to help establish a Southern African Regional Research Network that will act as a focal point for dissemination of research results and information.

In addition, Sida plans to support the new SADC Water Sector Coordination Unit; establish a regional water and sanitation officer post in UNICEF to disseminate results achieved in this sector from Zimbabwe to other countries in the region; and initiate a course in water quality at the University of Zimbabwe. Sida also expects to fund activities defined through OKACOM but awaits a donor conference for further definition. In addition, Sida has been approached to co-finance with the World Bank a study on the Pungue River shared between Zimbabwe and Mozambique. Sida is considering funding a regional groundwater assessment and is awaiting a full proposal from the Geology Department, University of Zimbabwe.

In addition, Sida is funding a regional Research Fund to promote and facilitate the implementation of multi-disciplinary projects in Integrated Water Resources Management in the region and to promote the use of research results for decision-making aimed at ensuring sustainable development of water resources in the region. Sida is also providing core-funding for Secretariat for the Global Water Partnership Southern Africa Technical Advisory Committee which is based at the IUCN Regional Office in Harare.

Finally, Sida plans to be one of the main supporters of ZACPRO 6 phase II which aims at establishing a management plan for Zambezi River Basin. NORAD and DANIDA will also provide funding for this effort. Sida has provided funding for a consultancy and negotiation forum for the development of the Zambezi River Commission (ZAMCOM). Sida is also considering providing funding to strengthen the research and GIS analytical capacity of the Zambezi River Authority (ZRA) - the organization responsible for energy production and management of Lake Kariba.

On a national level, in Zimbabwe, United Kingdom, Department for International Development (DFID) supports a range of rural water supply and management projects including the following activities: 1) Nutrition Gardens and Ground Water Development (Ngadi) - this project develops capacity to implement collector well construction for domestic use and for irrigating village. 2) Drought assistance program that provides assistance to NGOs for emergency relief and drought preparedness activities includes dam construction, irrigation, rehabilitation of boreholes. 3) Bikita integrated water and sanitation which is a rural water supply, sanitation, and hygiene education project. 4) Water quality analysis lab. 5) WRMS which provides technical assistance to develop a strategy to distribute water equitably between users. 6) Lupane integrated water and sanitation project. 7) Support to NGOs in Matabeleland to develop small water schemes. 8) Soil and water conservation. 9) Software developed to assist with the design of surface irrigation schemes. 10) Study on adverse effects of irrigation schemes and how they can be reduced. 11) Community Resource Management and Livelihood Strategies project which focuses on water points and community gardens, community based resource management, livelihood strategies, and dryland catchments.

In Malawi, DFID also supports water supply projects and a project to look at sources of siltation in the Shire River. In Zambia, DFID supports water supply and sanitation projects, an activity that focuses on the conservation and management of Kafue Flats and the Bangweulu Basin, and emergency relief drought mitigation. In Zambia, DFID is also funding a study and development of low cost technologies and software to encourage improvement of traditional water supplies by users and promotion of adoption of the concept into national policy. Also, in Mozambique, DFID supports water supply and sanitation activities. In addition, DFID is working in South Africa with the Department of Water Affairs and Forestry (DWAF) assisting with the development of a National Sanitation Program. The purpose of this program is to develop and implement the start-up phase of the NSP at national, provincial and local levels. DFID is also supporting a Capacity Building Program for DWAF. The purpose of which is to build an institutional framework and capacity to support community water supply and sanitation established in 2 provinces. DFID also supports human resource development in this Department. In June 1998, DFID began a project called the Water Sector Support Project - Phase 2 the intent of which is to demonstrate the provision of sustainable water services to poor and previously disadvantaged South Africans through pilot approaches with selected water service authorities. In Lesotho, DFID supports: 1) the Water and Sewerage Authority, 2) the Joint Permanent Technical Commission for the Lesotho Highlands Water Project; and 3) the Department of Rural Water Supply. In Swaziland, DFID supports: the Swaziland Water Services Corporation, and the Rural Water Supply and Sanitation

On a regional level, DFID is supporting the following water-related research in the region: 1) evaluation and development of guidelines for the use of decision networks at the local and catchment scales; 2) a study of sanitation practices of urban poor, and the policies and resources of agencies, and how they link together in southern Africa and the development of methodology for developing these links for use by others; 3) the development of an early warning system of groundwater drought for vulnerable areas and a menu of actions that could be triggered by that system; 4) provision and dissemination of well focused practical tools to enable engineers and managers to incorporate gender issues effectively into the project cycle for water and sanitation and other infrastructure works; 5) a study on how utilities can use pricing and service differentiation to benefit all and move towards financial sustainability, as well as the development of methodology for structuring service delivery and tariffs to serve low-income customers; 6) development of guidelines to prepare integrated Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Programs, within which projects can be planned for institutional, technical and environmental sustainability; 7) a handbook giving synthesis of research and development findings for planning and implementing community-based productive water points. DFID supports the Southern African FRIEND project which is developing a common hydrological monitoring center, under the UNDP/WMO Drought Monitoring Project. On a regional level, DFID is considering support to the following initiatives: 1) a water and sanitation information network; 2) support to hydrological services; and 3) private sector participation in water and sanitation.

On a national level, United Nations Development Program (UNDP) has worked to strengthen national water management institutions such as the National Water Resources Board in Malawi, the National Directorate for Water Resources in Mozambique, the National Hydrological Services in Zambia, the Lesotho Highlands Development Authority, and the Ministry of Water in Tanzania. UNDP has funded a flood forecasting system and a groundwater data computer unit for Malawi. UNDP has also funded rural water supply and/or sanitation projects in Malawi, Lesotho, Swaziland, and Tanzania, and irrigation projects in Tanzania and Botswana. UNDP is also providing support to the National Conservation Strategy Agency in Botswana to work on the management of wetlands, among other activities.

On a regional level, UNDP has provided support to the SADC WSCU for the SADC Round Table Conference on Integrated Water Resources Management. This project has provided direct support to the WSCU to help prepare a Round Table Conference on integrated water resources management within the SADC region. Tasks have included preparation of Country Situation Reports, a regional water resource strategy, designing a regional strategic plan and drafting a document to present to the Round Table Conference. Additional preparation for the Round Table has includes supporting a Preparatory Workshop for the Conference which was held in April 1996 in Gaborone, Botswana, a Stakeholder Workshop that was held in Livingstone, Zambia in February 1998, and a sensitization meeting which will be in October 1998. As called for in the SADC Protocol on Shared Watercourse Systems, the Roundtable will assist in mobilizing the resources needed to develop and implement national and regional integrated water resources development plans. The expected outputs will be development and adoption of national water policies and regulatory reforms; institutional and capacity-building; and water resources management programmes that include bankable projects in infrastructure development and investment, for integrated water resources management and equitable utilization of shared watercourse systems in SADC. The Round Table took place in Geneva, Switzerland in December 1998.

Also, under SADC-ELMS, UNEP and WHO funded the development of water quality guidelines. UNDP has funded activities associated with the Komati River Basin involving Swaziland and South Africa. UNDP has budgeted US$10 million for a project entitled, "Pollution Control and Other Measures to Protect Biodiversity in Lake Tanganyika involving Zaire, Zambia and Tanzania. A UNDP project installed a flood forecasting system along the Shire and its major tributary, the Ruo River in Malawi and Mozambique. This system consists of automatic water level recorders, computers and trained staff. The United Nation's Secretary General's Special Initiative on Africa (SIA) includes water as one of its five key elements. In relation to the SIA, a UN Agency Informal Working Group on Water has been formed under the co-chair of UNEP and the World Bank, with current members including, FAO, UNDP, UNDDSMS, UNICEF, WHO, and the Water and Sanitation Program. This working group is creating a matrix of current and future agency activities at a country level. UNDP will also fund several activities to promote broad-based participation in the water sector including: 1) involving the media in water issues, 2) conducting a feasibility study for the creation of a fund to support NGO and CBO participation, and 3) an activity to empower women’s participation in the water sector. Lastly, UNDP will fund the SADC WSCU.

On a national level, UNICEF has been working on rural water supply and/or sanitation projects in Mozambique, Tanzania, Lesotho, Malawi, and Namibia. In Mozambique, UNICEF has provided support to national water training schools and in Malawi has supported activities in village-based maintenance of handpumps.

USAID’s Regional Center for Southern Africa is now working with the SADC Water Sector Coordination Unit on several activities related to implementing the Water Protocol. First, the RCSA is assisting efforts to develop guidelines for the management of international river basins and to define the roles and responsibilities of the various institutions proposed by the Protocol. Draft Terms of Reference for this activity have been developed and will be finalized by July 1999. Second, USAID is providing technical assistance to prepare Terms of Reference for defining catchment boundaries associated with river basins in the region. These Terms of Reference will be finalized from discussions at the SADC Water Resources Technical Committee Meeting in May 1999.

Thirdly, a legal study on the relationship between the SADC Protocol and the UN Convention on Non-Navigational Uses of International Rivers has been drafted and presented to the SADC Water Technical Committee for use in amending the Protocol to assure conformity with the UN Convention. In addition, draft Terms of Reference are being prepared to address harmonization between the Protocol and National Water Laws; these Terms of Reference will be finalized in May 1999. Fourthly, a draft brochure has been developed with the SADC WSCU to publicize the Protocol and the WSCU's role to a range of stakeholders. This brochure has been finalized and distributed in February 1999.

To build capacity, USAID will fund short term training in various aspects of water resource management, including environmental aspects of river basin management, water conservation and demand management, international water law and conflict management. These short courses will be targeted both at providing an understanding of key issues to policy makers, as well as strengthening the technical skills of active practitioners. This training program is now being designed, and it is hoped that the first short course will be offered to policy makers in July 1999 through a regional institution. To implement this training, USAID hopes to work in collaboration with the on-going Waternet activity, and in close consultation with the SADC Water Sector Coordination Unit.

USAID is also funding activities related to the development of Natural Resource Accounts in Namibia, Botswana, and South Africa, including capacity-building and the construction of accounts for three countries. Water is one of the resources being analyzed to determine its role in economic development, and in particular its pricing across countries. The analysis will look at economic decision-making for water in several of the region's watersheds. Further, the Regional Center for Southern Africa is reviewing for possible funding proposals received from NGOs in the region for activities to improve the management of shared natural resources -- including water or selected watersheds; these proposals have been submitted for funding under a USAID agreement signed with SADC to strengthen the role of NGOs in the regional economy.

On a national level, in Angola, USAID has launched a two year activity to help design an appropriate model for private sector participation in the operation of Luanda's water supply and sanitation system. In South Africa, USAID supports an activity entitled "Capacity-building for Water Service Delivery" the purpose of which is to build capacity of local government authorities to assume their newly defined responsibilities for water service provision as stipulated in the South Africa’s Water Services Act of 1997. Objectives of the program include: 1) to assist the Department of Water Affairs and Forestry in the transfer process of water service delivery to local governments, 2) to support the creation of a local Water Board to manage bulk water supply for the Sabe River Catchment, and 3) to support the establishment and institutional development of local water authorities that will assume responsibility for water service to local water authorities. Funding committed for this program is US$4.2 million from 1994 - 2003.

Also, in South Africa, the United States has supported the "Working for Water" Project -- an activity aimed at eliminating invasive tree species which threaten the natural vegetation and decrease water yields in the Western Cape. In addition, USAID has also provided assistance to Critical Flows- a five-year project implemented by World Resources Institute (WRI), local institutions in South Africa, and other organizations worldwide. Critical Flows project team will develop, field-test, and promote the use of analytical tools and guides for ecosystem approaches to water resource management and planning. This activity has just been launched. Further, The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) of the United States Government is working through the Gore-Mbeki U.S/South Africa Bi-national Commission to implement a state-of-the-art National Weather Service (NWS) River Forecast System for the Vaal River Basin. The forecast system will eventually be operated by the Department of Water Affairs and Forestry in cooperation with the South African Weather Bureau and the National Water Commission. This activity is one component of building an integrated water resources management program in South Africa. Also as part of the US/South Africa Bi-National Commission, the US Department of Interior has provided senior policy, legal and economic specialists to facilitate the development of a water sector policy by the Department of Water Affairs and Forestry. South African staff have visited the US to attend workshops and work with US technical counterparts.

In Malawi, USAID is funding small well projects under the Community Health Partnership. Also, in Malawi, USAID is supporting policy reform with a focus on harmonizing policies in the natural resource management and on devolution of authority to local populations. The Department of Water Affairs is one of the agencies in Malawi with which this activity works. In Zambia, USAID is supporting activities to promote clean water treatment under the Family Health Project.

On a national level, the World Bank (the Bank) has been requested by the Government of Angola, to support ongoing preparation activities for a national water sector project. A program of support is currently being developed in collaboration with NORAD, including policy reform and the implementation of a pilot basin-wide water resources management project. Following a request from the Government, a tripartite (GoA-NORAD-BANK) meeting that will discuss the scope, budget and program of a water resources management project is planned to take place in Luanda in late September, 1998. There is a significant water resources management component within the ongoing IDA-assisted National Water Development Project for Malawi, which is also supported by the Nordic Development Fund. The focus is on strengthening the Water Resources Board and on community-based watershed protection. Project progress has been slow and efforts are being made to resolve the bottlenecks. Assistance has been given to the preparation of the water resources management component of the IDA-assisted National Water Development I Project in Mozambique, which focuses on identifying options for developing and managing key international rivers (where Mozambique is a downstream riparian) and on related capacity building needs.

In response to a request from the Government of Namibia, support is being given to the Joint Water Resources Management Review. The Review is a vehicle to begin defining a powerful framework of water resource management policies, strategies, institutional structures, and investments, as well as a means of strengthening a cadre of water resources managers. This work is critical in Namibia, an extremely dry country whose only perennial water courses are shared international rivers. The Review is supported by Germany, UNDP, and the World Bank and is now well underway, with a Technical Team in place carrying out the Review under the guidance of a broad-based national Stakeholder Taskforce. The themes of the Review include: social, economic and financial issues; institutional and participation issues; legal and regulatory issues, water reuse and conservation; strategic water resources assessments; shared river basins; and human resources development. The Review is expected to yield concrete policy recommendations for institutional reforms and improved water resources management, as well as serving as an information gathering and capacity building exercise. The Review is scheduled for completion in December 1999, at which time a national water resources development project may be considered.

Support has been given to national teams in Tanzania in the preparation of the Water Resources Rapid Assessment and the Water Sector Study, which is to provide a comprehensive analytical framework as the basis for sound water resources management and for investments in the sector. The ongoing River Basin Management Project and the planned Rural Water Supply Project (both IDA) provide vehicles for implementing the findings. Tanzania is also playing a key role in the Nile Basin Initiative.

Support is being given to the Ministry of Energy and Water Development in Zambia, which has prepared a detailed proposal for a Water Resources Action Program. The overall objective of the WRAP is to strengthen national policies and develop strategies for water resources management, building upon recent initiatives, such as the National Water Resources Master Plan and the water supply sector reform program. In addition, a pilot project in the Kafue river basin is planned. The WRAP is being supported by the Government of Norway, UNDP and the World Bank, although its launch has been delayed by a recent donor moratorium, due to the political situation.

Preparation of a Water Resources Project for IDA financing commenced in FY96 and was suspended in early FY97 in Zimbabwe, in order to allow the national Water Resources Management Strategy process (supported by NORAD, Netherlands- DGIS and UK-DFID) to advance. The Government has recently asked that preparation be resumed, with a proposed (relatively small) project supporting the financing of catchment-level water resources management and development plans and related investments.

On a regional level, although all country programs deal explicitly with international waters within the national context, there are a number of specific transboundary basin initiatives that are underway or planned. In discussions on a number of occasions with the newly-formed SADC Water Sector Coordination Unit (SADC-WSCU) in Lesotho, various proposals have been discussed, within the framework of support through the Southern African initiative of the Global Water Partnership and linked to country programs underway or planned in Zambia, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Mozambique, Angola, and Namibia. Bank support has also been given to SADC-WSCU for the Round Table process whose first conference is tentatively planned to convene at the end of October, 1998. In addition, work is planned on water resources economics in Southern Africa, together with a group of academic institutions in the sub-region, and on watershed management, together with the IUCN regional office in Zimbabwe.

There are several additional international river programs under consideration. In East Africa, support will be given to the Lake Victoria GEF Project and is likely to commence with OKACOM (on the Okavango River - with 3 riparian states). The development of proposals for the planned ZAMCOM (on the Zambezi River - with 8 riparian states) will be monitored, with assistance considered if appropriate and requested. In addition, there is ongoing dialogue with the Governments of South Africa and Lesotho on water resources management policies and strategies, primarily within the framework of the Lesotho Highlands Project.

There are 10 riparian countries in the Nile Basin: Burundi, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. The allocation of the waters of the Nile River Basin is increasingly becoming the subject of dispute, as water demand inexorably grows in all the riparian states. The Bank was requested (3/97), in a resolution of the Council of Ministers of Water Affairs of the Nile Basin States (at that time chaired by Egypt), to form a Consultative Group of Potential Donors to mobilize support for the implementation of Nile River Basin Action Plan (NRBAP). The Bank has agreed to do this, working in close cooperation with UNDP and CIDA, within the framework of a Nile Basin Initiative. The overall objective of support to the Nile Basin Initiative is to achieve sustainable management and development of Nile Basin waters that is acceptable to involved riparians, in support of equitable use and benefits for environmentally sound, economic and social development of the Basin States. The immediate objective of the current Phase is to maximize the opportunity for agreed, and ideally cooperative, actions by the involved Nile Basin States, at basin and sub-basin levels, through developing and launching an appraised and funded portfolio of priority projects in a Strategic Action Program. The Nile Basin Initiative links to country programs in Ethiopia, Kenya, and Tanzania and planned country programs in Sudan and Uganda. Considerable progress has been made with the Nile Basin Initiative: a new inclusive, transitional institutional mechanism has been established to replace TECCONILE (which only had 6 members); the COM has endorsed the approach; and, the preparation of the Strategic Action Program is proceeding relatively well.

Planning has commenced for a regional policy seminar to be held in Africa in the fourth quarter of 1998, with the support of the Bank’s Economic Development Institute (EDI). The purpose of the seminar will be to: share experiences (promoting south-south dialogue) on water resources policy and strategy reforms (legal, regulatory, institutional, economic) between cross-sectoral groups of decision makers from different countries of the region; identify best practice; and, establish networks for the continued exchange of ideas and experience. The Government of Tanzania has offered to host the Seminar. About 20 African countries (essentially those listed above) will be invited to participate in delegations that comprise a range of specialists, to permit specialist working groups (e.g. of lawyers or of economists). Trust funding will be used to finance the Seminar.

Work is under way to develop material for World Bank web sites, as well as to contribute to other web sites under development (including the African Water Web site based in South Africa). Through the UNDP, it is hoped that links will be strengthened with the IHE in Delft, the Netherlands, to provide a further focus for capacity building.

On a regional level, World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is initiating a program to implement several projects recommended in the World Bank's Sub-Saharan Africa Hydrological Assessment Project (SSAHAP). WMO will support SADC-HYCOS which will use telemetry networks and a satellite-based data collection network to provide real-time data for stations of key national and regional importance. The Hydrological Cycle Observing System (HYCOS), a project that is supported by the EU and the WMO. The goal of the project is capacity-building for the development of regional water resources information system. One of the products will be a network of national hydrology and water resources computerized databases linked in a network to allow collection, processing, storage, retrieval and dissemination of information in a form ready for use in water resource planning, development and management. A program for cost-effective freshwater quality monitoring is being developed with support from UNEP, WMO, and UNESCO. This program is providing education and logistic support. The key strategy is targeted water quality monitoring, adapted to each country’s priorities and needs.


Donor Contact List
June 1999

In order to keep this information useful and up-to-date,
Please inform me of changes via email at

Ms. Kathryn Dunlop, Counsellor
Canadian High Commission
P.O. Box 1430
Harare, Zimbabwe
telephone: 263 4 733881/3
fax: 263 4 732917/735400
internet: kathryn.dunlop@hrare01x400.gc.ca

Mr. Jan Hassing
Agern Alle 11
DK-2970 Horsholm
telephone: 45 45 16 92 00
fax: 45 45 16 92 92
email: jah@vki.dk
web: www.vki.dk

Dr. Torkil Jonch-Clausen
Agern Alle 11
DK-2970 Horsholm
telephone: 45 42 86 52 11
fax: 45 42 86 72 73
email: tjc@vki.dk
web: www.vki.dk

Development Bank of Southern Africa
Mr. Brian Hollingsworth, Water Resource Specialist
Development Bank of Southern Africa
P.O. Box 1234
Halfway House
Midrand, 1685
South Africa
telephone: 27 11 313 3332
fax: 27 11 313 3086
email: brianh@dbsa.org

Ms. Lolette Kritzinger-van Niekerk, Associate Director
Center for Policy Analysis
Development Bank of Southern Africa
P.O. Box 1234
South Africa 1685
telephone: 27 11 313 3166
fax: 27 11 313 3533/3086
email: lolette@dbsa.org
physical address: Halfway House, Headway Hill, Midrand

European Commission
Mr. Richard Zink, Head of Delegation
Delegation for the European Commission
PO Box 518
Maseru 100, Lesotho
telephone: 266 310193/313726
fax: 266 310193
email: eudellso@lesoff.co.za
physical address: 167 Constitution Road, Maseru West

Mr. Robert Baldwin
Delegation of European Commisssion
P.O. Box 1253
Gaborone, Botswana
telephone: 267 314 455
fax: 267 313 626
email: delbots@info.bw
physical address: Plot 68, North Ring Road

Mr. Robert De Raeve, Technical Advisor
Delegation for the European Commission
PO Box 518
Maseru 100, Lesotho
telephone: 266 310193/313726
fax: 266 310193
email: eudellso@lesoff.co.za
physical address: 167 Constitution Road, Maseru West

Mr. Peter Icard, Charge de Mission
Bureau Gestion des Resources Naturelles et Environment
Sous-Direction du Developpement Economique et de l=Environment
Ministere des Affaires Etrangeres
Ministere de la Cooperation
Ave de Villars
75700 Paris 07 SP

Mr. Harry McPherson
Communal Areas Water Supply Project
Department of Water Affairs
Private Bag 13193
Windhoek, Namibia
telephone: 264 61 296 3064/237
fax: 264 61 213 779/264061

Mr. Gerhard Naschol
Bonn, Germany
email: gerhardnaschol@gtz.ge
Mr. Tony Richards
Lusaka, Zambia
telephone: 260 1 291918
fax: 260 1 291946

Mr. Stefan Helming
Harare, Zimbabwe
telephone: 49 6196 701703

Mr. Claus Erbel
Harare, Zimbabwe
telephone: 49 6196 701703

Mrs. H. Hiemenz
Windhoek, Namibia
telephone: 49 69 74 312041
fax: 4969 74 312944

Dr. Wilhelm Struckmeier
Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe (BGR)
Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR)
Division 1 - Resources, International Co-operation
Subdivision Groundwater
Stilleweg 2
D-30655 Hannover
telephone: +49 511 643 2366
fax: +49 511 643 3661
email: w.struckmeier@bgr.de

Global Environment Facility
Mr. Mario Ramos
Global Environment Facility
The World Bank - G6029
1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
telephone: 202 473 3297
fax: 202 522 3240
email: mramos@worldbank.org

Mr. Walter Lusigi
Global Environment Facility
The World Bank - G6029
1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
fax: 202 522 3240
telephone: 202 473 4798
email: wlusigi@worldbank.org

Global Water Partnership
Ms. Tabeth Matiza-Chiuta
GWP-SATAC Chairperson
P.O. Box 745
Harare, Zimbabwe
physical address: 6 Lanark Road, Belgravia
telephone: 263 4 728266/7
fax: 263 4 720738
email: tmd@iucnrosa.org.zw

Ms. Kyoko Miura, Coordinator
P.O. Box 14068
Hatfield 0028, Pretoria
South Africa
telephone: 012 346 4493
fax: 012 346 4966
email: jicasa@pta.lia.net
physical address: lobby 2, 1st floor, Bank Forum,
corner of Fehrsen and Bronkhorst Streets,
New Muckleneuk 0181,

The Netherlands
Mr. Bert Diphoorn
Ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken
Postbus 20061
2500 EN de Haag
The Netherlands

Mr. Pim de Keizer
Netherlands Development Organization
P.O. Box 611
Gaborone, Botswana
telephone: 35 24 13
fax: 31 41 23

Ms. Mona Gleditsch, Water Advisor
P.O. Box 8034
0030 Oslo, Norway
telephone: 47 22 31 44 00
fax: 47 22 31 44 01

SADC Water Sector Coordination Unit
Mr. Sechocha Makhoalibe
SADC Water Sectro Coordinating Unit
P/Bag A440
Maseru 100, Lesotho
telephone: 266 310 022
fax: 266 310 465
email: sadcwscu@lesoff.co.za

Mr. Jakob Granit, First Secretary, Regional Water Resources
Embassy of Sweden
P.O. Box 4110
Harare, Zimbabwe
telephone: 263 4 790 651-4
fax: 263 4 754265
email: jakob.granit@sida.se
physical address: Pegasus House, 52 Samora Machel Ave. Harare

Mr. Bo Gohl
Department for Research Cooperation
Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency
SE-105 25 Stockholm, Sweden
telephone: 46 (0)8 698 53 55
fax: 46 (0)8 698 56 56
email: bo.gohl@sida.se

Mr. Bengt Johansson, Senior Programme Officer
Department of Natural Resources and the Environment
Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency
SE-105 25 Stockholm, Sweden
telephone: 46 (0)8 698 53 55
fax: 46 (0)8 698 56 56
email: bengt.johansson@sida.se

Ms. Katarina Perrolf, Program Officer
Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency
SE-105 25 Stockholm, Sweden
telephone: 46 8 698 5100
fax: 46 8 6985653
email: katarina.perrolf@sida.se

Ms. Christina Rehlen
Embassy of Sweden (SIDA)
Private Bag 0017
Gaborone, Botswana
telephone: 267 353 912
fax: 267 353 942
email: swembgab@global.co.za
physical address: NDB House, Gaborone

Mr. Pelle Persson, Counsellor
P.O. Box 23087
Embassy of Sweden
Windhoek, Namibia
telephone: 264 61 22 29 05
fax: 264 61 22 27 74
email: pelle.persson@sida.se
physical address: Sanlam Center, 9th Floor, 154 Independence Ave

United Nations Development Program
Mr. Georg H. Charpentier, Deputy Resident Representative
United Nations Development Programme
P.O. Box 301
Maseru 100, Lesotho
telephone: 266 313 790
fax: 266 310 042

Mr. L.K. Mdee, Sustainable Development Advisor
P.O. Box 310
Maseru 100, Lesotho
telephone: 266 313 790
fax: 266 310 042

Mr. Stephen Adei, Resident Representative
UNDP Private Bag 13329
Windhoek , Namibia
telephone: 264 61 229220
fax: 264 61 229084
email: stephenadei@undp.org

Ms. Ester Hoveka
Private Bag 13329
Windhoek, Namibia
telephone: 264 61 229 220
fax: 264 61 229 084
email: eh.undpanam@nylan.undp.org
physical address: Sanlam Center, 154 Independence Ave

Mr. Oddvar Jakobsen, Deputy Resident Representative
Private Bag 13329
Windhoek, Namibia
telephone: 264 61 229 220
fax: 264 61 229 084
email: oj.undpanam@nylan.undp.org
physical address: Sanlam Center, 154 Independence Ave

Mr. J. David Whaley, Resident Representative
UN House
351 Schoeman Street
P.O. Box 6541
Pretoria 0001
Republic of South Africa
telephone: 27 12 338 5300
fax: 27 12 320 4353/4
email: dwhaley@un.org.za

Resident Representative
P.O. Box 54
Gaborone, Botswana
telephone: 267 352 121
fax: 267 356 093

Mr. Brendan Doyle, Senior Regional Advisor
P.O. Box 1250
Harare, Zimbabwe
phone: 263 703941/2
fax: 263 731849
email: bdoyle@unicef.org

Ms. Jane Bevan
P.O. Box 1706
Windhoek, Namibia
telephone: 264 61 229 220
fax: 264 61 224 413
email: jbevan@fo.unicef.un.na
physical address: 1st Floor, Samlam Building

United Kingdom
Mr. Alistair Wray, Senior Water Resources Advisor
Department for International Development
Harare, Zimbabwe
email: a-wray@dfid.gtnet.gov.uk

Mr. Peter Roberts
Department for International Development
94 Victoria Street
London SW1E 5Jl
United Kingdom
telephone: 44 171 917 0394
fax: 44 171 917 0072

Mr. Mark Harvey, Engineering Advisor
DFID Southern Africa
303 Infotech Building
1090 Arcadia Street
Hatfield 0083
Pretoria, Gauteng
South Africa
telephone: 012 342 3360 ext 221
fax: 012 342 3429
email: m-harvey@dfid.gtnet.gov.uk

Ms. Paula Chandler, RNR Field Manager
Department for International Development
British High Commission
Private Bag 0023
Gaborone, Botswana
telephone: 267 352 841/2/3
fax: 267 356 105

United States of America
Dr. Elizabeth Soderstrom
P.O. Box 2427
Gaborone, Botswana
telephone: 267 324 449
fax: 267 324 404
email: esoderstrom@usaid.gov

Mr. Joel Kolker
c/o American Embassy
Pretoria, South Africa
telephone: 27 12 323 8869
fax: 27 12 323 6443
email: jkolker@usaid.gov

Mr. David Himelfarb
USAID Lilongwe
P.O. Box 30016
Lilongwe, Malawi
telephone: 265 782 455
fax: 265 783 181
email: dhimelfarb@usaid.gov

Mr. Ronald Ruybal
USAID Office
P.O. Box 9130
Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
telephone: 255 051 11753743
fax: 255 051 116559
email: rruybal@usaid.gov

Mr. David Soroko
USAID Lusaka
P.O. Box 32481
Lusaka 10101, Zambia
telephone: 260 1 254303/4/5/6
fax: 260 1 254 532
email: dsoroko@usaid.gov

Mr. Eric Loken
USAID Office
1 Pascoe Ave
P.O. Box 6988
Harare, Zimbabwe
telephone: 263 4720 757/630/739
fax: 263 4722 418/4720 722
email: eloken@usaid.gov

World Bank
Mr. Torbjorn Damhaug, Water Resource Management Specialist
Environmentally Sustainable Development Division
Africa Technical Department
The World Bank
1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433 USA
telephone: 1 202 473 4336
fax: 1 202 473 7916
email: tdamhaug@worldbank.org

Mr. David Grey, Senior Water Resource Management Specialist
Water, Urban, and Energy 1
Africa Region
World Bank
1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433 USA
telephone: 1 202 473 4125
fax: 1 202 473 8301
email: dgrey@worldbank.org

Mr. Carl Gustaf Lundin, Environmental Specialist
Land, Water, and Natural Habitats Division
Environment Department
World Bank
1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433 USA
telephone: 1 202 473 3426
fax: 1 202 477 0568
email: clundin2@worldbank.org

Dr. Claudia W. Sadoff, Economist
Water, Urban and Energy
Eastern and Southern Africa
The World Bank
1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433 USA
telephone: 1 202 458 2851
fax: 1 202 473 8301
email: csadoff@worldbank.org

Dr. Rafik Hirji, Senior Water Resources Management Specialist
Water and Urban, Eastern and Southern Africa, Africa Region
The World Bank
1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433 USA
telephone: 1 202 458 1994
fax: 1 202 522 0367
email: rhirji@worldbank.org

World Meteorological Organization
Mr. J.L. Bassier
contact information ?

Water Web Management Ltd
1 Dome Hill, Caterham
Surrey CR3 6EE, UK



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